In East Sussex, this year's Young People's Big Vote placed ‘a fear of knife crime' as their number one concern. Despite the thankfully low incident rate in the county, in many ways it is hardly surprising given the regularity with which it appears on the front page of the newspapers or headlines the news on TV. Sadly, time and again both the victim and the perpetrator are young people and increasingly we hear more people saying that they feel the need to carry a knife for their own protection; something that never ends well.
Serious youth violence and knife crime is not a new phenomenon nor is it common. Young people and moral panics stem back to the mods and rockers of the 60s and the ‘seaside bank holiday battles'. Whilst it is the case that the vast majority of children and young people are not engaged in serious violence or knife crime, there has been a recent increase in proven possession offences and a worrying rise in young people treated for assault with a knife or fatally stabbed on our streets. It's been welcome to see the increased political and press attention on County Lines and knife crime in particular, but this has resulted in a somewhat piecemeal approach being adopted by government. Hardly surprising given the difficulty a whole raft of national issues are having in getting time and space in Parliament when set against the Brexit agenda. That said, we now have a new Prime Minister and a very new looking Cabinet. Even with a new Secretary of State for Education and Home Secretary, the issues that need resolving won't change and knife crime will be one of them.
It was for that reason and in an attempt to shape and steer the debate, ADCS recently published a discussion paper on this issue which if you haven't, I would commend you to read. The paper calls for a holistic and integrated approach to tackling serious youth violence which brings the whole children's system together behind a common narrative that expresses our shared ambitions for children and young people. It's an approach that puts the strengths of families and their communities at the centre. This would need to go hand in hand with a national commitment to, and investment in, providing help and support at the earliest possible opportunity, meaning high quality youth services and facilities in local communities to reach young people where they live. It is why we believe a ‘public health' approach, whilst not a quick win or a miracle cure, is the best way forward. As well as focussing on prevention it also encompasses the role that universal, targeted and specialist interventions have to play. It's an approach that draws in learning from the joined up multi-agency, multi-disciplinary approach which is working locally to prevent and disrupt child exploitation.
More recently, there has been some positive work in trying to tackle radicalisation and extremism and the Troubled Families Programme has demonstrated the value of early help. The lessons learnt from these all point to the importance of an assets-based approach. The challenge is one of system leadership which has sat at the heart of the statutory role of the director for children's services for the last 15 years. It is our job to champion and advocate for all children and in that guise we would invite key representatives from all relevant government departments, public agencies and the voluntary sector to sit down with us and progress this issue. It deserves all of our collective efforts if we are to prevent another parent receiving the knock on the door to say their child won't be returning home.
Stuart Gallimore is director of children's services in East Sussex. This blog first appeared on the ADCS website