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“Research Report:”

This research report aims to address questions about the cost and funding of early education policy.

Researchers wanted to examine how the amount of time mothers spend with their children is linked to children's attainment, and whether this varies depending on the age of the child. The researchers say this is the first such study to focus on children and parents in the UK.

Self-harm is a growing problem among young people. Hospital admissions for self-harm among under-25s increased by 68 per cent between 2001 and 2011. Researchers from the universities of Cardiff, Exeter, Bath, Bristol and Swansea set out to examine provision of self-harm prevention and intervention in secondary schools in Wales and South West England, and explore future needs. They surveyed 153 schools and did focus groups with four.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often associated with soldiers returning from a war zone. But children who experience traumatic events such as car accidents, assaults and natural disasters are also at risk of developing PTSD with symptoms including disturbing memories and nightmares and feeling like the world is unsafe.

A team of researchers evaluate the impact of Match Foster Care's pilot project to improve outcomes by having the local authority delegate certain statutory duties and related decision making to the provider.

Autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disorder that affects about one per cent of children and young people. It can have a profound effect on children's social development into adulthood and results in an estimated £1m to £1.5m lifetime costs for families and the community.

Researchers examine whether, and how, a girl's social and economic circumstances and her ethnicity might be linked to the early onset of puberty.

Children are particularly susceptible to weight gain at two stages - in infancy, which is probably attributable to diet and lifestyle choices made by parents, and again in puberty. A research team led by the University of Exeter Medical School undertook an investigation into the factors driving weight gain in adolescence.

Researchers compare vaccination uptake in Traveller and non-Traveller children to see if there is justification for the development of strategies to encourage catch-up vaccination in the Traveller community.

The Behavioural Insights Team was commissioned by the Department for Education to identify factors that might affect social workers' ability to make decisions.

The researchers behind this study wanted to find out how executive heads are appointed and deployed.

The government commissioned researchers to examine how councils responded to pressures on children's services over the last Parliament, and predict changes in demand for services and spending in the future.

Researchers examine whether specific experiences such as bullying, abuse, and internet and social media use are linked to suicide in young people.

In the 12 months up to March 2015, 2,420 allegations were made against 44,625 fostering households in England, including allegations of physical, emotional and sexual abuse, and neglect. While previous research has analysed the extent and nature of confirmed abuse and neglect in foster and residential care, there have been no recent studies on the treatment of carers during the allegation process or the impact of unproven allegations.

With increasing differences between the lives of rich and poor children in the US,the Social Mobility Commission wanted to examine whether the situation is the same in the UK.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is thought to affect 5.29 per cent of children worldwide. Researchers examined trends in the prescription of ADHD drugs.

A research team led by University College London and the Anna Freud Centre wanted to look at how schools support young people with mental health problems, against a backdrop of rising need.

Diet in the early years may have a lifetime impact on health, but there are few recent large-scale studies of the eating habits of UK toddlers. A team of researchers, led by Hayley Syrad of University College London's department of epidemiology and public health, set out to undertake a detailed analysis of the dietary intake of very young children when weaning was complete or close to completion.

Early intervention programmes can help children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) but the older the child, the less impact they tend to have. A number of initiatives have attempted to increase early diagnosis of ASD, including the National Autism Plan for Children published in 2003, and guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence published in 2011. Researchers from Newcastle University wanted to find out whether children were in fact being diagnosed earlier.

There is a lot of research into the role children's centres play in improving outcomes for disadvantaged families. However, researchers from the University of Nottingham were keen to investigate centres' role in preventing injuries to under-fives, an area not previously analysed. Previous research has found injuries disproportionately affect children from low-income families.